Bold type should be confined to headings and subheadings within articles and not used for emphasis or for the names of organisations or publications. Italics should be used as sparingly as possible for emphasis as the sense of emphasis decreases each time italicisation is used and because italics are used for other purposes (e.g. the titles of books).
When using italics for emphasis within quotations, you should note whether the emphasis is from the original text or has been added by you. You can simply add 'original emphasis' or 'emphasis added' to the citation.
Percentages should be expressed in figures, not words (i.e. '3 per cent' rather than 'three per cent'). Use 'per cent' rather than '%' if the term is to be used just once or twice in a single individual paragraph; '%' is fine if you are listing a whole series of percentages.
Each and every use of a third-party source in the manuscript should be accompanied by a citation in the following format.
The last name of the author and the year of publication of the book, paper or document, as in (Smith 1990). For direct quotations, the page number should also appear, as in (Smith 1990: 12).
List the surnames of both authors in order of their appearance in the original publication, followed by date of publication, as in (Smith & Jones 1996). For direct quotations, the page number should also appear, as in (Smith & Jones 1996: 25).
Three or more authors
The citation should appear as (Smith et al. 1997). For direct quotations, the page number should also appear, as in (Smith et al. 1997: 56).
All citations in the manuscript should be fully described in a References section at the end of the document, laid out as described in 'References' below. Items listed in the References section that are not cited in the manuscript will be removed. Citations to items not listed in the References section will be removed from the manuscript.